Wikipedia describes Orania as a separatist, self-governing, Afrikaner Volkstaat. However, the blog reader describes it as follows:
The town was started by SA dept. of water affairs in the 1960’s to house workers to build the Vanderkloof -dam but after the dam was finished the town ran empty and stood empty and destroyed for nearly 20 years until 1991. When some right-wingers knowing that apartheid would not hold bought it. Until that time because of the abundance of cheap black labour, most manual work was done by blacks, dependence and segregation can not exist simultaneously (and it was the reason apartheid was unworkable). In 1992 the first Afrikaners moved into Orania, everyone thought they were nuts, racist extremist/radicals/Nazis, liberal journalists had a field day of insulting them.
It went very slow at first at first, the town has a policy of Volkseiearbeid (own labour) all work is to be done by whites, The town grew steadily to a population of around 350 and the uncertainty around 1994 did help of course. The first 10 years was harsh, new people came and many left again with population remaining around 400, I must quantify this by stating that the town is in semi-desert area with summer temperature reaching 40 C and winter -7C (unforgiving) and creating infrastructure and a economy from nothing and without any government help (while having to pay taxes) is near impossible. To most Boer-Afrikaners own labour also represented a bit of a cultural revolution, they understood that the use of foreign labour is what cost them there land and independence but change is never easy.
Since about 2001 the town started picking up slowly but surly, more and more outside supporters started joining there movement, better informed settlers and more capital investments started poring in and today it is a thriving little white community making the desert bloom with a population of about 750 and growing. How big they eventually will grow and how far they will be able to take there independence, only time will tell but with so many whites fleeing Africa this might one day become the only place in Sub-Sahara Africa where whites are found.
Here is also a link to some videos of Orania: