Wednesday, 6 July 2011

Islam’s Contribution to Western Civilisation - Not Much


By Tim Heydon


The ‘Muslim Council of Great Britain’ Thinks it has been ‘Huge’

A representative of the ‘Muslim Council of Great Britain’ has suggested that the British Education Curriculum should devote an appropriate amount of space to ‘the contribution of Islam to Western Civilisation’ which, he claimed has been ‘huge.’ The left- liberal political elite talks about the ‘intellectual superiority’ of Islam over Christianity while its broadcasting arm, the BBC, in line with the Frankfurt School Neo-Marxist ‘Critical Theory,’ is ever ready to traduce and belittle the achievements of the West, Britain especially, in order to undermine it and make its transition into a multicultural, multiracial society easier. It therefore lauds other civilisations, Islam in particular, as conducive to this end.

Charles Murray and Human Accomplishment

So what has the contribution of Islam to Western Civilisation actually been? What have individual Moslem thinkers, artists and others given to Western Civilisation, taking (as T S Eliot did), Culture, meaning ‘everything that makes life worth living’, as being synonymous with Civilisation? In his book, ‘Human Accomplishment’ Charles Murray, co-author of ‘The Bell Curve,’ has identified those individuals in history who have been engaged in ‘the pursuit of excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 BC to 1950’ and have contributed the most, not just to Western Civilisation but to the World.

Murray’s Empirical Approach

In order to do this, Murray adopts the refreshingly direct, empirical methods of a political scientist which minimise the opportunities for bias more possible in other approaches. He bases his assessment of human accomplishment on those individuals who have appeared in major reference books and studies, world –wide, rather than picking out individual Islamic achievements and arguing their importance. These works can be used, first, to identify those people who are worthy of study, and second, to calibrate their eminence. Murray does not include every single individual who is mentioned in all the reference books. That would include the merely excellent as opposed to the indispensable. He has a cut-off point of 50%: anyone who is mentioned in at least 50% of his qualified sources is designated a significant figure, and enters his samples for analysis.

Significant Figures in the Major Branches of Learning

Murray deals with such matters as whether importance equals excellence in scientific accomplishment and the question of taste in the judgement of excellence in Art. He heads off, in persuasive fashion, the anticipated accusations of various ‘isms’; ‘ Eurocentrism,’ ‘Sexism,’ ‘Racism’ ‘Chauvinism’ and ‘Elitism,’ by, for example, pointing out that Japanese studies give much the same results as his own. The result of all this is a series of lists, graphs ands bar-charts depicting the most influential figures in the various major branches of learning:-

Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Physics, Mathematics, Medicine, Technology, Combined Sciences, Chinese Philosophy, Indian Philosophy, Western Philosophy, Western Music, Chinese Painting, Japanese Art, Western Art, Arabic Literature, Chinese Literature, Indian Literature, Japanese Literature, Western Literature.

Murray lists 4002 significant figures in these lists, that is, individuals of whatever ethnicity/cultural background who are significant in world terms. Of these, just 568 or 14% are not Western, and 82, or a tiny 2% are Arabic/Moslem.

Significant Events in the History of Science

Murray also presents a list of significant events in the history of science since about 500 BC by combining events in nine chronologies such as that by Bernard Grun, ‘The Timetables of History.’ In astronomy there are 57 such events. Only one, the Chinese description of sunspots in 165 BC, is not Western. There are two significant events ascribed to the Islamic World in Chemistry among the 70 listed; Jabir ibn Hayyan’s preparation of acetic acid in AD 750, and the first production of concentrated alcohol by the distillation of wine in AD 900. There is no Moslem or non-Western contribution to the 47 significant events in the Earth Sciences, none in the 147 of Physics, none in the 64 of biology and none in the 68 of medicine.

Who did What ?

In mathematics, of the 102 central events, three are connected to Persia but are not necessarily Islamic. For example, Omar Khyayyam who was the first to solve some cubic equations, was hostile to Islam. Taking into account Chinese and Indian contributions, only six central events in total are not Western. The Chinese figure in the early history of technology: they are responsible for 9 of the 119 central events. The rest, apart from the first known use of glass blowing in the Levant in 245 BC and of parchment in Asia Minor in 200 BC are Western.

European White Males : Responsible for the Overwhelming Majority of Human Accomplishments in the Arts, Literature, Sciences and Technology

Murray points out that whether measured in terms of people or events, 97% of accomplishment in the scientific inventories occurred in Europe and North America. Speaking as an American, Murray comes to the conclusion that ‘not only does Europe dominate the narrative of human accomplishment, so does the minority that has become known in recent years as ‘white males.’ So we can conclude from Murray’s analysis that the influence of Islam on Western culture has not been very significant, while the influence of the West on the world has been overwhelming.

Islam’s Contribution is more than the Sum of its Parts?

But (it will be argued by those BBC self-haters and the other neo-marxists and progressives of every stamp in the political elites), Murray’s approach only describes the influence of Islamic individuals up to the recent past. It does not describe how Islam has collectively influenced the West in history as a religion and a culture. Wasn’t there a time (it will be said), when Islam, flushed with the confidence and conquest of the new faith, went through a period known as its ‘Golden Age’, when the aggregate of individual contributions (even if separately these were in Murray’s terms merely excellent rather than significant) together and because of the circumstances – the so-called European ‘Dark Ages,’ were indeed of the highest significance to the development of the West?

The Islamic Golden Age .......


Well, there was a period when Islamic civilisation flourished and it should be acknowledged that the West does owe something to Islam for helping to pass on Greek learning and for adding to it. But the case should not be overstated.Murray himself is generous. He writes, 'For a few centuries at the turn of the first millennium Islam presided over a burst of exuberant scientific and philosophical enquiry. It began with the translation of the Greek and Roman manuscripts which had lain forgotten for centuries. It then went beyond translation, producing a large body of original work in mathematics, chemistry, astronomy, optics and philosophy, among other fields.'

..............Was not so Golden

Others though, take a less rosy view. The Islamic 'Golden Age,' says Serge Trifkovic, (The Sword of the Prophet') was 'golden' only on its own terms.'that is, in comparison with the rest of Islamic history. But 'no self-respecting Western Islamophile would ever admit to this.' Trifkovic goes on, 'Whatever flourished, it was not by reason of Islam, it was in spite of Islam... In Islam's 'Golden Age' there was a lot of speculation and very little application; and for a thousand years, even speculation has stopped.' While 'a number of medieval thinkers and scientists living under Islamic rule, by no means all of them Muslims either nominally or substantially,...contributed in making Aristotle known to the Christian Europe ...they merely transmitted what they had received from Christian sources and moreover the Aristotle who finally gained recognition in Christian Europe was not the Arabian Aristotle but the Greek Aristotle, who came to Western Europe by way of Constantinople, largely by Byzantine Greeks fleeing the (Muslim) Ottoman onslaught.'

The Views of a New Labour ex- Minister

Further, in their book 'The Suicide of the West', Richard Koch and Chris Smith (the erstwhile New Labour Culture Minister), whilst acknowledging the beauty of Islamic cities like Granada with the exquisite courts, pools and paradisical gardens of the Alhambra and their roles as centres of learning, quote the 'devout' scholar Caesar E Farah, ' The early Muslim thinkers took up philosophy where the Greeks left off..in Aristotle the Muslim thinkers found the great guide..Muslim philosophy .. in subsequent centuries merely chose to continue in this vein rather than to innovate.'

Philippe Nemo and 'What is the West?'

And Philippe Nemo, Professor of Philosophy and the History of Ideas at the ESCP-EAP European School of Management and a leader in this field tells us ('What is the West?') that the West's debt to Islam is not great, at least with regard to values. He writes, 'Undeniably, Islamic philosophy received stimulating nourishment from Greek philosophy, but its interest was more for metaphysics and mysticism, neither of which in my view played a very important part in the shaping of modern Western values.'

The Dark Ages were not so Dark after all.  

Nor were the Dark Ages from which Islam is claimed to have rescued the West as dark as they have been painted. Whilst leading Scholars were not familiar with the Classical authors,  they were not barbarians. Learning in Europe was kept alive by the Church and especially by Irish Monks.

The Venerable Bede relates that many Pilgrim scholars came to Ireland from Britain and the Continent of Europe to study and learn during the early Dark Ages. (450-750). The Celtic Monks spread out across England and Europe bringing Christianity and learning with them.

The Glories of the ‘Incomparable’ ‘Book of Kells’ 
 
In his renowned TV series ‘Civilisation’, Lord Clarke gave his opinion that there is nothing in Islamic art to compare with the glories of illustration  of the ‘ Book of Kells’ (c 800), produced by Irish monks..

Alcuin and the Carolingian Renaissance


The English monk Alcuin (c. 735 – 804) brought to his court by Charlemagne, oversaw many of the intellectual and educational reforms of the Carolingian  Renaissance.  The students at Alcuin’s Palace School went on to become some of the most important figures of the Carolingian  era.  All of this was inspired primarily by Christian learning, not Islam  either directly or indirectly.

Christian Europe rejected Slavery - Islam embraced it

Thanks to Christianity ‘Dark Age’ Europeans rejected slavery, which in the circumstances of the time meant universally.  Feudal Serfs were not slaves: they had rights and we have records of their being asserted against the Lords. The rejection of slavery could not independently occur to Islam, then or later, since Mohammed, the ‘perfect man’ and model for Moslems, himself captured, owned, bought and sold slaves and enjoyed them sexually. Notoriously he took as a concubine a Jewish woman whose husband and close relatives he had  beheaded that same day.  

The ‘Dark Ages’ – A Great World Era of Invention 
 

Rodney Stark, at the time Professor of Social Sciences and Comparative Religion at the University of Washington, tells us (‘For the Glory of God’) that in the ‘Dark Ages’, ‘Machinery was developed and put into use on a scale no civilisation has Previously known’.

One such invention was the proper harnessing of horses where a rigid, well-padded collar puts the weight on a horse’s shoulders rather than the neck, enabling a horse to pull as much as an ox and twice as fast, greatly increasing   productivity. The harnessing of horses in teams enabled them to pull great loads.

Inventive Europeans also improved the Inventions of Others
 

According to Stark, ‘Dark Age’ Europeans also developed iron shoes for horses, effective Watermills, camshafts, mechanical clocks, the compass and so on .Many of these were original inventions, but what was remarkable, he says, was the way in which Europeans realised the full potential of inventions even when they were imported.


Gunpowder, for example, first seen in Europe in 1300 or so was Chinese, but where the Chinese for a long period used it for only fireworks and as an incendiary, the Europeans immediately saw its application in gunnery. By 1325 gunsexisted all over Europe. Another example is the compass, invented simultaneously in China and Europe. Where the Chinese merely floated a magnetic needle on fluid, and used it mainly for purposes of magic, the Europeans added a card and sight which enabled them not only to identify North, but their precise heading. This, along with numerous other innovations such as the rear-mounted ship's rudder, greatly assisted the great European era of sea- borne discoveries.

European Inventiveness saved us from Islam

European inventiveness helped save Europe from Islam in the end. In 732, Charles Martel led a Frankish army in the battle of Tours (or Poitiers) which decisively defeated the Moslem Saracens. His army was better armed and armoured than any the Greeks or Romans had fielded. The lightly armed Saracens could only dent the chain-mailed Frankish infantry square and were put to the rout with 'the first ever appearance on a major battlefield of knights in full armour' made the more formidable with stirrups, and the Norman saddle with its very high pommel and curved cantle. These inventions enabled the knight to brace against the shock when his lance struck home and to withstand it.

The 'Islamic Golden Age' withered because of the West?.....

Why did the intellectual activity of the Islamic 'Golden Age' wither? The BBC and the rest of the political class who are extremely embarrassed by the overwhelming success and influence of the West because it is a standing denial of their fatuous, nihilistic idea of 'equality,' are disposed, yes, to blame the West, the fount of all evil in comparison to the rest of the world, one would think from their attitudes. Ignoring the fact that, led by Mohammed, Islam expanded from the first by aggression and conquest, the glorious Islamic civilisation was, they say, brought to decline by the oppression of the West whose aggressiveness stultified it. But this idea, like much else in leftist thought, is pure ignorant, biased fantasy.

......No, because it was not Islamic

While explanations for the decline of Arts and Learning in Islam differ, the core of them is the faith itself. Islam had access to Greek learning, but it was unable because of its nature to make full use of it in the way the West did. The Turkish Historian Aydin Sayili (The Causes of the Decline in Scientific Work in Islam) says that Islam was unable to reconcile itself with the Greek philosophical heritage in the way that Christianity achieved.

Islam looked upon that heritage with suspicion from the beginning. Robert Spencer (Islam Unveiled) acknowledges the debt of the West to the philosophers Averroes, Avicenna and others, but remarks that Avicenna's views according to the Historian of Philosophy Wilhelm Windelband, were 'regarded with jealous eyes by Mohammedan orthodoxy and the scientific movement experienced such violent persecutions in the tenth century that it took refuge in the secret league of 'Pure Brothers''. Avicenna himself was also persecuted.

Death for those who cast Doubt on the Tenets of Mohammed's Revelation

When the Islamic religious reaction set in, articulated by Al Gazali's 'Incoherence of the Philosophers' in which he recommends death for those who argue against the tenets of Islamic theology, it was directed primarily against Greek philosophy, not science, but the linkage was strong, and science was dragged down as well. H. Floris Cohen says of Islamic science (The Scientific Revolution), 'the root cause of (Islam's) decline is to be found in the faith and in the ability of its orthodox upholders to stifle once-flowering science.'

To Islamic Scholar G E von Grunebaum (Islam: Essays in the Nature and Growth of a Cultural Tradition), Islam, unlike Christianity, was never able to accept that scientific research was a means of glorifying God. 'Islamic' achievements occurred in periods and in places where orthodox Islam was relaxed. The misgivings of the scientific elites that their researches were impious led them to acquiesce in Islamic objections.

Again, Philippe Nemo says (What is the West ?) that ' the scientific tradition never took firm hold on Islamic societies. The reason must be sought in religion and the strong grip it has on the muslim mind and muslim presentations of the world.'

Islamic Literalism Closed off Islam

Islam took the view of philosophy and science that it did because of the literalism demanded of its adherents. The Qur'an is claimed to be the literal word of God as dictated to Mohammed. The second verse of Surah 2 declares, 
#2:2 'This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah'.
 There could therefore be no doubting the Qur'an. Everything worth knowing, it was, and is thought, is to be found in it. As noted above, the period of the flourishing of Islam occurred after a period of huge Islamic territorial gains which brought together learning from a wide variety of non-Islamic sources, including that of the Greeks. It also allowed or forced a temporary relaxation of Islamic attitudes. When this vast area ruled by Islam, stretching from the Atlantic to China began to consolidate to Islam, there was a reversion to the explicit dictates of the religion and the arts and learning withered. Thus, the so –called 'Golden Age' of Islam was the product, not of Islam, but of its absence. Islam's only real contribution was its aggressive expansionism which has characterised it since Mohammed.

Christianity : the Foundation and Core of Western Civilisation

The absence of any significant Islamic contribution to the Civilisationof the West is underlined by the actual, overwhelming nature of the contribution of Christianity, without which indeed there would have been no 'Western Civilisation'.

Unlike Allah in Islam, Jesus wrote nothing. His message as to who he was lies in his Words, his Actions and his Death and Resurrection,not in his Writings. The ChristianScriptures are not the writings of Jesus but an anthology of his remembered sayings and doings. St Paul was the first to state what this meant when he said, 'For our knowledge is imperfect and our prophesy is imperfect.'

So from the first, the church fathers were forced to mull over the implications of the Scriptures, as indeed the writers of the Gospels themselves had done, about who Jesus was in the light of his Resurrection.


Christianity's First great Gift to Western Civilisation: Faith in Reason.


This led to a theology of inference and deduction – of Reason. 'While the other world religions emphasised mystery, from the first, Christianity alone embraced reason and logic as the primary guide to religious truth. Christian faith in reason was influenced by Greek philosophy. But the more important fact is that Greek philosophy had little impact on Greek religions. These remained typical mystery cults.


Similar assumptions concerning the fundamental inexplicability of the gods and the intellectual superiority of introspection dominated all the other world religions. But from early days, the church fathers taught that reason was the supreme gift from God and the means to progressively increase their understanding of scripture and revelation.....Encouraged by the Scholastics and embodied in the great medieval universities founded by the Church, faith in the power of reason infused Western culture..' - Rodney Stark,  'The Victory of Reason'

The Christian Belief in the Rationality of a Personal God and the Goodness of his Creation led to Modern Science in Europe


The Christian faith in reason has led to many intellectual undertakings, not least the rise of Science. 'It is indisputable that modern science emerged in the seventeenth century in Western Europe and nowhere else '– Edward Grant 1996:168.

Why was this? 'My answer to this question is as brief as it is unoriginal:

Christianity depicted God as a rational , responsive dependable and omnipotent being and the universe as his personal creation, thus having a rational, lawful and stable structure, awaiting human comprehension'.- Stark, 'For the Glory of God'.

Alfred North Whitehead, co-author with Bertrand Russell of Principia Mathematica said in a Harvard Lowell lecture in 1922 that shocked Western Intellectuals that the modern scientific method arose in Europe 
'because of the widespread faith in the possibility of science..derivative from medieval theology....To search into Nature could only result in the vindication of the faith in rationality.'
 Whitehead grasped that Christian theology was essential to the rise of science in the West, just as surely as non-Christian theologies had stifled the scientific quest elsewhere. As he explained,
'The greatest contribution of medievalism to the formation of the scientific movement was the inexpugnable belief that... there is a secret, a secret which can be revealed. How has this conviction been so vividly implanted in the European mind? ...it must come from the medieval insistence on the rationality of God, conceived as the personal energy of Jehovah and with the rationality of a Greek philosopher. Every detail was supervised and ordered: the search into nature could only result in the vindication of the faith in rationality.'
 Further, Non- conformist Christian attitudes in Britain to manual labour as a noble calling from God in contrast to the disdain for it elsewhere by educated people greatly assisted the transformation of science into hands-on technology. Christian attitudes to money and to freedom provided the capital without which the Industrial Revolution would have been impossible. Christianity's Second Great Gift to Western Civilisation: The Assumption of Progress

After faith in reason, which Stark calls 'the most significant feature of Western civilisation,' a second great gift of Christianity to the West is its assumption of Progress, which Stark says 'may be the most critical difference between Christianity and all other Religions.

For Islam, the World is in Decline, not Progressing

With exception of Judaism and Christianity, all religions and systems of belief have held the world to be subject to eternally recurring cycles or to a state of sameness. The Greeks thought of the world as at a point in a cycle where it was in decline from a long ago Golden Age. Mohammed is reported to have said, The best generation is my generation, then the one that follows that, then the ones that follow that.'

In contrast Judaism and Christianity conceived of history as culminating in the Millennium. However the Jewish idea of history stresses not progress, but procession, while the idea of progress is profoundly and uniquely manifest in Christianity. That we think of progress at all shows the extent of the influence of Christianity upon us.

Without the idea of progress, it is hard to see how it can exist in any fundamental way.
Further, the Christian commitment to rationality made progress possible, and not only spiritual progress through an increasing knowledge of God either. St Augustine celebrated not only theological progress but earthly, material Progress too. 

Christianity's Third Great Gift: Individualism

A third great gift of Christianity to the West was the rise of individualism. Individuals have of course, always thought about themselves and had their hopes, their fears and everything else that goes to make up an individual. What Christianity gave is the Western sense of individualism, based on the concept that an individual has free will to make choices, including moral choices.

Educated Greeks and Romans were not unfamiliar with the concept of free will but freedom of the will is uniquely fundamental to the Christian faith. Yes, some Protestant sects accepted predestination - that God has foreordained what we do- but for the most part, in Christianity every person is responsible for his or her own soul. St Augustine stressed again and again that while God knows what we freely decide to do, he does not interfere. It is up to the individual freely to accept or reject Jesus' injunction to 'Go and sin no more.'

The Christian idea of the Freedom of the Will is Incompatible with Islamic Fatalism Freedom of the will is a concept which is incompatible with fatalism of the kind to be found in Islam, where everything, including whether or not an individual sins and is doomed to hell or to paradise, or is afflicted, is decreed by God in advance. This fatalism is a source of the dreadful inertia to be found in Islamic societies.

On the other hand, the Christian faith in progress through reason towards the better world of the Kingdom of God activated by love for one's fellows as equally loved by God, underlies the drive belief in a better future of the West and uniquely Christian activism evident in the social and political spheres. This has been responsible for innumerable social and political advances now taken for granted. These include Western Democracy itself, based on respect for individuals and their freedom of conscience. It has been responsible for the fast disappearing particular flavour of social interaction in Britain and elsewhere in the West, where love of neighbour and forgiveness are ideals which have been prized, though often forgotten or ignored.

Allah is Loveless

Despite Qur'anic statements to the contrary, the Book of Islam and the example of Mohammed make it clear that Allah is effectively loveless. There is little that is genuinely 'compassionate' or 'merciful' about Allah 'the compassionate, 'the merciful, 'the wise' as he is described in the Qur'an.

Summing up the Development of Western Civilisation.

Western Civilisation may be summarised making use of the scheme adopted by Philippe Nemo
in his 'What is the West ?', ie an evolutionary unfolding based on its key historical
periods or elements:-

1) The ancient Greek invention of the Polis - the City; liberty under the rule of law, critical enquiry, education. Islam of course could contribute nothing to this.

2) The Roman invention of law, private property, the individual, humanism. Again, Islam could contribute nothing to this.

3) The revolution of the Bible in ethics and its founding role in the idea of History and Progress. Islam's contribution was of course again nil.

4) The achievement of the Middle Ages in synthesising Greece, Rome and Christianity. Scholars in areas ruled by Islam had a role, but not an essential one, in transmitting Classical Learning to the West. While it developed some individual points of philosophical, scientific and mathematical advance it added very little that was fundamentally innovative. Further as has been shown, it was not Islam which was responsible for the 'Golden Age' in territories ruled by Islam, but its absence.


5) The great revolutions fostering liberal democracy which liberated the domains of science, politics and economics, allowing the West gradually to achieve the unrivalled development which gave birth to modernity. These achievements were of and belong to the West and to nobody else.

Islam has contributed nothing of Significance to the West except its Aggression

As we can see from the above, with one exception Islam has contributed little of real significance to the evolution of the West and therefore of the world. That exception is the aggressive expansionism which is written in the teachings of the Qur'an. Islam's role as the perpetual aggressor and rival of the West has helped the West to define itself. Other than that, like other civilisations which are supposed to 'enrich us', Islam has contributed little of real importance because it had and has little to contribute.

What we can learn from Islam?

Is there anything at all that the West can learn from Islam? Yes, there is. While Islam is advancing on all fronts including in Europe, the heartland of its ancient rival and enemy, Western Civilisation is in plain decline. The lesson is that Islam's focus on the spiritual gives it a determination not just to survive but to overcome and dominate – it believes in itself, notwithstanding its utter failure socially, politically, economically, intellectually and artistically..

Stripping the West of its spiritual Core

The West seems set to disappear as a civilisation, notwithstanding its incredible success. Essentially this is because it has lost faith in itself and this in turn is because it has lost faith in its Religion. The very success of Christianity in bringing about material blessings to the West has, at least for the foreseeable future encouraged a materialist attitude which has stripped it of its spiritual foundation.

This is in remarkable contrast to the growth of Christianity in the 'New Christendom' outside the West. Islam, because it has lagged behind the West so much in the evolution to the 'Modern' (in Western terms) has undergone no such stripping but it fears it. This is part of the reason for Islam's schizophrenic attitude to the West. It wants the material benefits of Western Civilisation but fears that they will bring Western secularism with them.

Secular Extreme Liberalism: Cancerous Cells

In the West, the great gifts of Christianity from which Christianity has been removed; Faith in Reason, the idea of Progress in History and Individualism, are called Liberalism. Unrestrained by religion and tradition, these are in the process of destroying Western Civilisation. It is disintegrating before our eyes like a once vital body whose organs are being eaten away by now cancerous cells.

A Materialist Nightmare

Unrestrained Reason and Individualism in the service of 'Progress' are producing a materialist nightmare, denying people the sanctity and dignity of their humanness and their special dignity as being loved by God as his children.This dehumanising is evidenced by for example in the way abortion on demand, is encouraged; by the use of humans as raw material for the genetics industry and in the destruction of the communities and nations in which individuals feel rooted, comfortable and at home.

The Way to Totalitarianism and Emptiness

That way lies totalitarianism and human beings as expendable slaves of the state. Unfettered individualism has transmuted into deep self – centredness, and selfishness which has helped to produce sordid amorality and social alienation. The moral and spiritual vacuity of modern secular Westerns is 'filled' by guzzling Consumerism which dulls but does not extinguishthe aching void of nothingness which lies in the hearts of these people.

They disguise their self-obsession with a nauseating show of shallow sentimentalism which outsources compassion to the state and to charities and is designed only to make them feel good about themselves. No wonder Islam, while tempted by the Western goodies on offer, is afraid.

T S Eliot and what makes a Culture / Civilisation

The dazzling rise of the West under the influence of Christianity, and its decline as its grip has been loosened, points to a highly significant truth seen by T S Eliot (Notes Towards the Definition of a Culture), who identified a Culture (or Civilisation) with its religion. Eliot said, 'No Culture can appear or develop except in relation to a religion... One cannot be preserved without the other'. For that reason, he added, secularism and 'cosmopolitanism' are doomed to failure. 

Jurgen Habermas, the leftist guru, stunned an audience quite recently when he said; 
'Christianity and nothing else, is the ultimate foundation of liberty, conscience, human rights and democracy, the benchmark of Western Civilisation. To this day we have no other options. We continue to nourish ourselves from this source. Everything else is Post-Modern chatter'.

Let us pray that Islam is not our Future

There has never been a successful, lasting, exclusively secular civilisation of any significance, not excluding Confucian China, since Confucianism is the working out in moral terms of ancestor worship. Nor can there be one worthy of the name. So what religion or spiritual course will the civilisation of Britain and the West be based on in the future?

Let us fervently hope (and pray) that, notwithstanding the deep stupidity, ignorance and treachery of our self-hating rulers, it is not as it promises to be, Islam.


(Tim Heydon is the holder of a First Degree in Humanities and Social Science, post graduate degrees in the History of Ideas and Religion / Philosophy, and a post-graduate Diploma in Theology).

16 comments:

alanorei said...

Then Winston Churchill was right, even if his perception of Christian belief was somewhat distorted - it was the English Protestant Reformation of the 16th century that enabled England to advance as a nation.

“How dreadful are the curses which Mohammedanism lays on its votaries! Besides the fanatical frenzy, which is as dangerous in a man as hydrophobia in a dog, there is this fearful fatalistic apathy. Improvident habits, slovenly systems of agriculture, sluggish methods of commerce, and insecurity of property exist wherever the followers of the Prophet rule or live. A degraded sensualism deprives this life of its grace and refinement; the next of its dignity and sanctity. The fact that in Mohammedan law every woman must belong to some man as his absolute property – either as a child, a wife, or a concubine – must delay the final extinction of slavery until the faith of Islam has ceased to be a great power among men.

“Individual Moslems may show splendid qualities. Thousands become the brave and loyal soldiers of the Queen: all know how to die. But the influence of their religion paralyses the social development of those who follow it. No stronger retrograde force exists in the world. Far from being moribund, Mohammedanism is a militant and proselytizing faith. It has already spread throughout Central Africa, raising fearless warriors at every step; and were it not that Christianity is sheltered in the strong arms of science – the science against which it had vainly struggled – the civilisation of modern Europe might fall, as fell the civilisation of ancient Rome.

“What the horn is to the rhinoceros, what the sting is to the wasp, the Mohammedan faith is to the Arabs of the Soudan – a faculty of offence.”


Read this summary for an explanation of the origins of Islam.

Franz said...

Of course Islam contrubuted hugely to western civilization. So did Hinduism, Shamanism, Dirtworshipism - at least if you believe the new and improved version of history (NUWIMPHIS) that is taught in schools all over Europe and the USA.

According to NUWIMPHIS all humanity lived in harmony with nature. Except for the black Pharaos. These - of course - towered supreme over all other earthlings on top of their mighty pyramids.

Then came the evil and racist Greeks and Romans. They wrecked it all. After that came even eviler white people from northern Europe who colonialized & terrorized the world.

Their evil onslaught was unchecked until Gandhi and MLK discovered Cracker-Crytonite and started to reunite mankind with nature.

Somewhere along the way, blacks invented the wheel, airplanes, the cure for cancer and popcorn.

The freed black slaves from Tuskagee also stopped the Holocaust which up to that point had consumed 500 million lifes and is the reason feminists have migranes, models are anorexic and why you should not ask too many questions about the next bailout for Goldman Sachs and Islam is the religion of peace.

In less than a minute you have now consumed the sum total of what passes as "history class" in today's school environment.

If that sounds confusing, don't fret. That's the whole point.

Pat Buchanan recently wrote a great collumn about teachers and establishment historians bending history to their crooked purposes and teaching not "what is" but what they think "should be".

That is of course not only the road to hell, but Idiocracy as well.

Sarah Maid of Albion said...

@ Preatorian

Although, I fully understand your views and to some degree share them, I can not approve your message for reasons I am sure you must understand.

If you wish to discuss this decision please write to me at sarahmaidofalbion@gmail.com

Sarah

Anonymous said...

Why Europeans tolerate this immigration circus is beyond my comprehension , isn't it abundantly clear what the end result will be . Do you really not see how these third world immigrants will rape and destroy you country , heritage and children . Do you want to live in constant fear in your own homes . Do you understand the urgency of taking action ?

Sarah Maid of Albion said...

@ Anonymous 12:20

No, most of them don't see it, or they are too frightened of being called racist to admit they do.

Indeed many of them would condemn you as racist for what you have written. They are completely brainwashed. It is positively Orwellian, or even more sinister than that.

Anonymous said...

Don't forget islams great input into a thousand years of slavery, which was flourishing decades befoe any european ever reached asia and africa.

And was still thriving in the 1960 at least, if not beyond and today.

WEAPOI

alanorei said...

See Faith under Fire in the Sudan by veteran missionary Peter Hammond, for accounts of Arab-Moslem slavery of black Nuba Christians.

General Charles Gordon, a Christian believer and (white) British Army officer, did much to counter the Arab-Moslem slave trade in his day. Hammond summarises Gordon's efforts in his book.

Anonymous said...

Now in the twenty first century that the Sudans have gone their separate ways slavery might be ended in Sudan. Or part of it at least.

Anonymous said...

When some parasite of a muslim and the quislings state this tripe i always laugh!!.It is also no surprise that treacherous BBC and the slimy left jump on the bandwagon especially MP's who need votes.If like me you were lucky enough to be schooled before the 4th Reich gained power in 97 you would have been unbiasedly taught that yes the middle east did contribute to the world but when islam reared it's evil head it stopped contributing and started leeching off the world.It has done for 1500 yrs and it's apparent when you see all the technology there use is from the west,weapons are from the west,medicines,vehicles etc all from the west,you probably even find the vast majority of the experts and technicians getting there oil are westerners.

Look at how the islamic nations people live and you think your reading a medieval history book not a 21st century society,the only thing that's changed is there have AK47's instead of scimitars.If there want to teach real islamic contribution then i expect to see islam good expansion from 600ad-800ad of slaughter,enslavement and forced conversion of christian lands and from then the failure of continuous attempts to invade the west so to dominate the world.

For St.George.

Sarah Maid of Albion said...

To an Anonymous poster who's comment has not been approved. I have not released your comment as you forgot to include the Habermas link

Anonymous said...

we love black South Africa may the black people rule forever

Yma Chiraz said...

Two books I would like to cite to support the principal premise, when I bring in the texts :

Son of Hamas

A World History in 300 pages


Regards,
Yma Chiraz

Epithets should always be sharp and inciteful

Yma Chiraz said...

The History of the World (in 300 pages) by René Sédillot 1951 (Tr Gerard Hopkins 1963) pp 100-104

René Sédillot born Orleans, France 2 November 1906; died Paris 21 October 1999.

The inhabitants of Mecca mocked this inspired herdsman [i.e. Mohammed] ... so he left for Yathrib, to become Medina [circa CE 622]. Mohammed called on them to make war against the infidels, who must either be killed or converted [admittedly the 1492 Spanish Inquisition was hardly better]. The Mussulmans believed themselves to be instruments of [their] god. They began by making themselves masters of Mecca, where they took possession of the fetishes of the sanctuary [unlike modern day governments, for whom it is the last act of governance to loot the public treasures], which they annexed to their own faith . Then they set out to conquer the world.

... the use of styrups, which were unknown in Europe. Thus mounted, and using their bows from the saddle, they spread terror in the ranks of their enemies, who had never before encountered striking power and movement thus combined [blitzkrieg une part - circa 632].

It seemed hopeless to think of checking the Arab flood. Byzantium [Eastern Roman empire] was degenerate, the kingdoms of the West were still in the stage of growing pains, the Christian Church was powerless.

They conquered Palestine and Syria [c. 635] and then Babylon, Egypt, Iran, Cyrenaica, Tunis, Armenia, Georgia.
They conquered Afghanistan [c. 705], India [c. 712], Chinese Turkestan and Tarim [c. 751], stopped in the East only by an impasse at Tashkent.
They conquered Abyssinia and Mozambique, Senegal [c. 711], Gibraltar, Spain and the southern half of France [c. 721], stopped only at Loudun.

But the Arab conquests were too vast and too loosely knit to endure for long. The capital of Islam moved from Medina to Damascus to Baghdad. In the brilliance of the Moslem court, murders were frequent. The executioner played a part almost as important as that of the vizir. As a result of assassination and revolution the caliphate frequently changed hands.

WHAT WAS ITS LEGACY TO MANKIND ?

To a very large extent it was barbarian and, consequently, a negative one. The Arabs had destroyed monuments, burned libraries, cut down forests. Nowhere had they cultivated the soil. As a result of their occupation of the Levant and their capture of Sicily, normal navigation in the Mediterranean had been brought to a standstill. For centuries their successors, the Barbary pirates, spread terror through what once had been a Latin sea [tres, tres deja vu]. Their raids upon the continent of Europe disturbed the machinery of trade. They had struck at Arles and at Rome, and had closed the land routes to China.

Certain texts of the koran had a deleterious effect on agriculture and industry. Because it forbade the killing of animals, India refrained from breeding the silkworm; because the true believer must drink no wine, Egypt renounced the growing of vines.
[Know the difference between renounce and denounce :- the premiers of Germany and England have merely denounced multiculturalism, but it is only the premiers of France and Switzerland that have renounced it, with some measures to ban the burqa].
Because invasion had put a stop to the manufacture of papyrus, parchment became so dear that ancient manuscripts were scraped so that the surface might be used again. In this way many masterpieces vanished forever.

[In the name of unbiassed and objective reporting, I include the following points : the positive legacy]

{part 1/2 :: 4096 char limit }

Yma Chiraz said...

{part 2/2 :: 4096 char limit }

[In the name of unbiassed and objective reporting, I include the following points : the positive legacy]

On the other hand, even when Islam separated West from East, it brought the former something of the latter's wealth. The Arabs ... soon achieved sufficient education to play with skill the part of middlemen. ... They could understand and they could explain. Having no art and science of their own, they copied and assimilated to a remarkable degree [Asian Tiger une part]. They studied not only the Chinese, but also the Hindus, the Persians, and the Greeks. Adaptive rather than creative, they revealed to the West the treasures of the East.

Having a natural gift for mathematics and astronomy, they transmitted the theory of the zero and a method of numeration [Arabic numerals]. ... they borrowed the substance of the [1000 tales of the] Arabian Nights from Persia.

It is to them that Europe owes the use of stirrups, and Spain the introduction of the mule, and probably also smallpox! From the Arabs, ever great carriers of Chinese treasure, the West learned about sugar and paper.


Namastë,
Yma Chiraz


> Franz said...
> Then came the evil and racist Greeks and Romans. They wrecked it all. After that came even eviler white people from northern Europe who colonialized & terrorized the world.

The excerpt about the decline of the Greek empire is currently quite apt, given that they are threatening to pull down the entire Eurozone.


> alanorei said...
> Then Winston Churchill was right, even if his perception of Christian belief was somewhat distorted - it was the English Protestant Reformation of the 16th century that enabled England to advance as a nation


Winston Churchill, "History will be kind to me, because I intend to write it".


... Son of Islam excerpts, to follow tomorrow.

alanorei said...

Anyone who wants to know how civilization actually advanced should read The Book of Books by Melvyn Bragg.

It has to do with a Book, which is not any edition of the Qur'an.

Yma Chiraz said...

Mosab Hassan Yousef, Son of Hamas, Tyndale Press, 2009

Mosab was born in Ramallah, Israel 1978. His new life started in 2007 when he moved to the USA.


The entire book is about the failure of the muslim model for statehood in Palestine, I would do Mosab an injustice to attempt to summarise his full complement of issues, so I content myself with the following :-


Excerpts pp 5-12 and the closing page:

Between 1517 and 1923, Islam - personified by the Ottoman Caliphate - spread from its base in Turkey across three continents. But after a few centuries of great economic and political power, the Ottoman Empire became centralised and corrupt and began its decline.

...

What my father [Sheikh Hassan Yousef, one of the seven founders of Hamas] saw in those early days was the part of Islam that reflects love and mercy. What he didn't see, what he perhaps has never yet allowed himself to see, is the other side of Islam.

Islamic life is like a ladder, with prayer and praising allah as the bottom rung. The higher rungs represent helping the poor and needy, establishing schools, and supporting charities. The highest rung is jihad.

The ladder is tall. Few look up to see what is at the top. And progress is usually gradual, almost imperceptible - like a barn cat stalking a swallow [elsewhere the analogy of imperceptible progress is a frog slowly being boiled in a pot it could easily jump from]. The swallow never takes its eyes off the cat. It just stands there, watching the cat pace back and forth, back and forth. But the swallow does not judge depth. It does not see that the cat is getting a little bit closer with every pass until, in the blink of an eye, the cat's claws are stained with the swallow's blood.

Traditional muslims stand at the foot of the ladder, living in guilt for not really practicing Islam. At the top are the fundamentalists, the ones you see in the news killing women and children for the glory of the god of the qur'an. Moderates are somewhere in between.

A moderate muslim is actually more dangerous than a fundamentalist, however, because he appears to be harmless, and you can never tell when he has taken that next step toward the top. Most suicide bombers began as moderates.

The day my father first put his foot on the bottom rung of the ladder, he could never have imagined how far from his original ideas he would eventually climb. And thirty-five years later, I would want to ask him: Do you remember where you started? You saw all those lost people, your heart broke for them, and you wanted them to come to allah and be safe. Now suicide bombers and innocent blood? Is that what you set out to do? But speaking to one's father about such things is not done in our culture. And so he continued on that dangerous path.

... ... ...

As I sat on the plane, I thought about what I had just left behind, both good and bad - my family and friends as well as the endless bloodshed, waste, and futility.

It took a while to get used to the idea of being really free - free to be myself, free of clandestine meetings and Israeli prisons, free from always looking over my shoulder.

It was weird. And wonderful.



[ ! ! !
How does that dialogue-free feature on Euronews go - with a minute of visual imagery with absolutely no audio track at all ? ]


Yma Chiraz